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Express Entry

Federal Skilled Program and Express Entry Program

Minimum Eligibility Criteria : Foreign nationals may begin the process of immigration under the Federal Skilled Worker Program if they meet the minimum requirements of the program. The minimum requirements are:

  • One year of continuous full-time or equivalent paid work experience in the past 10 years in a skilled occupation classified under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) skill level 0, A or B; 
  • Validated language ability equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in English or French across all abilities (reading, writing, listening, and speaking); and
  • Canadian educational credential (certificate, diploma, or degree) or foreign credential and Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report. 

IRCC determines candidates' eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program based on its unique points grid. However, only the highest-ranked candidates in the Express Entry pool are issued invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residence. 

Candidate profiles in the Express Entry pool, which also includes Federal Skilled Trades and Canadian Experience Class candidates, are ranked based on the CRS. 

In order to be eligible to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Program, potential candidates must meet the minimum requirements for work, language ability, education and obtain at least 67 points under the program's 100-point gridThe program's selection factors grid assesses candidates based on factors that include age, education, work experience, arranged employment, language ability and adaptability.

Selection Factors: The Federal Skilled Worker selection factors are listed below.

Factors

Points

Education

Up to 25 points

Language Skills

Up to 28 points

Work Experience

Up to 15 points

Age

Up to 12 points

Arranged Employment

Up to 10 points

Adaptability

Up to 10 points

   

Settlement Funds: If invited to apply, Federal Skilled Workers will need to prove they can become economically established in Canada with their dependent family members. The settlement funds requirement is waived for foreign nationals who are currently authorized to work in Canada and/ or those who have arranged employment in Canada. 

Medical Examinations and Admissibility : IRCC encourages Federal Skilled Worker candidates and their dependents to complete their medical examinations as soon as an ITA is issued. Medical exam results must be valid at the time of applying for permanent residence and when arriving in Canada. Applicants must also obtain security clearances as part of the Canadian immigration application process to prove that they are admissible to Canada. 

Processing Times: IRCC aims to process complete Federal Skilled Worker applications in six (6) months or less. Please consult the Canada Immigration Processing Times Tool to find out the processing times for immigration applications.

Processing Fees: The table below outlines the processing fees for the Federal Skilled Worker program:

Application

CAD$

Principal applicant ($550 processing fee + $490 right of permanent residence fee)

$1,040

Spouse or common-law partner ($550 processing fee + $490 right of permanent residence fee)

$1,040

A dependant child of the principal applicant who is under 22 and is not a spouse or common-law partner, or is 22 or older who has been unable to be financially self-supporting since before the age of 22.

$150

 

Launched in January 2015, Express Entry is Canada's application management system for certain economic immigration programs including the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, Canadian Experience Class and a portion of the Provincial Nominee program. Express Entry was designed with three main objectives in mind: 1) flexibility in selection and application management, 2) responsiveness to labour market and regional needs and 3) speed in application processing.

 

Express Entry System is established for more than four years now and over 200,000 applicants already received to permanent residence under this program. They have been issued to a diverse range of highly skilled immigrants and almost 10,000 individuals (principal applicants and their family) have already landed in Canada as permanent residents. Key findings indicate that professors were in the top ten occupations list and that many international students fare well in Express Entry.Provinces, territories and employers have successfully used Express Entry to fulfill regional and labour market needs. Express Entry increases the labour market responsiveness of the immigration system through a greater role for employers who can recruit economic immigrants using the new system. When an employer is unable to find a qualified Canadian or permanent resident for a job, they can be matched with qualified Express Entry candidates through the Government of Canada's Job Bank. All jobs offered to Express Entry Candidates need to be supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) to ensure the authenticity and genuineness of job offers, that the prevailing wage is respected and that employers consider Canadians and permanent residents to meet their labour needs first. 

The processing time commitment of 6-months for 80% of cases has been met and Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is continuously monitoring the performance of Express Entry system and making adjustments as necessary. Express Entryautomatically assigns a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score to candidates who submit a profile. The CRS score is based on the information they provide in their profile including their age, education, official language proficiency and work experience. All information is self-reported and must be supported with appropriate documentation at the application stage or a candidate will be refused.

Comprehensive Ranking System: There is a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System.

For candidates without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:

  • a maximum of 500 points available for core human capital factors;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors; and
  • 600 points available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability). 

For candidates with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:

  • a maximum of 460 points available for core human capital factors of the principal applicant;
  • a maximum of 40 points for the core human capital factors of the spouse or common-law partner;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors; and
  • 600 points available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability).
  • From June 6, 2017, changes to the Comprehensive Ranking System include additional points awarded to candidates with French ability and to candidates with a sibling in Canada.

French ability: 15 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate (equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark 7) or better French ability, and English language test results of CLB 4 or lower, or no English test results at all. 30 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate or better French ability, and who also prove English language test result of CLB 5 or better.

Sibling in Canada: 15 additional points for candidates with a sibling in Canada who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of at least 18 years of age. These points may also be awarded if the candidate’s spouse or common-law partner has a sibling in Canada. The candidate or his or her spouse/common-law partner must share a mother and/or father with the sibling in Canada. This relationship can be through blood, adoption, marriage, or common-law partnership.

1. 0011 Legislators

2. 0012 Senior government managers and officials

3. 0013 Senior managers - financial, communications and other business services

4. 0014 Senior managers - health, education, social and community services and membership organizations

5. 0015 Senior managers - trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c.

6. 0016 Senior managers - construction, transportation, production and utilities

7. 0111 Financialmanagers

8. 0112 Human resources managers<

9. 0113 Purchasing managers

10. 0114 Other administrative services managers

24. 0414 Other managers in public administration

25. 0421 Administrators - post-secondary education and vocational training

26. 0422 School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education

27. 0423 Managers in social, community and correctional services

28. 0431 Commissioned police officers

29. 0432 Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers

30. 0433 Commissioned officers of the Canadian Forces

31. 0511 Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers

32. 0512 Managers - publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts

33. 0513 Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors

34. 0601 Corporate sales managers

35. 0621 Retail and wholesale trade managers

36. 0631 Restaurant and food service managers

37. 0632 Accommodation service managers

38. 0651 Managers incustomer and personal services, n.e.c.

39. 0711 Construction managers

40. 0712 Home building and renovation managers

41. 0714 Facility operation and maintenance managers

42. 0731 Managers in transportation

43. 0811 Managers in natural resources production and fishing

44. 0821 Managers in agriculture

45. 0822 Managers in horticulture

46. 0823 Managers in aquaculture

47. 0911 Manufacturing managers

48. 0912 Utilities managers

49. 1111 Financial auditors and accountant

50. 1112 Financial and investment analysts

51. 1113 Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers

52. 1114 Other financial officers

53. 1121 Human resources professionals

54. 1122 Professional occupations in business management consulting

55. 1123 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations

56. 1211 Supervisors, general office and administrative support workers

57. 1212 Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers

58. 1213 Supervisors, library, correspondence and related information workers

59. 1214 Supervisors, mail and message distribution occupations

60. 1215 Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations

61. 1221 Administrative officers

62. 1222 Executive assistants

63. 1223 Human resources and recruitment officers

64. 1224 Property administrators

65. 1225 Purchasing agents and officers

66. 1226 Conference and event planners

67. 1227 Court officers and justices of the peace

68. 1228 Employment insurance, immigration, border services and revenue officers

69. 1241 Administrative assistants

70. 1242 Legal administrative assistants

71. 1243 Medical administrative assistants

72. 1251 Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations

73. 1252 Health information management occupations

74. 1253 Records management technicians

75. 1254 Statistical officers and related research support occupations

76. 1311 Accounting technicians and bookkeepers

77. 1312 Insurance adjusters and claims examiners

78. 1313 Insurance underwriters

79. 1314 Assessors, valuators and appraisers

80. 1315 Customs, ship and other brokers

81. 2111 Physicists and astronomers

82. 2112 Chemists

83. 2113 Geoscientists and oceanographers

84. 2114 Meteorologists and climatologists

85. 2115 Other professional occupations in physical sciences

86. 2121 Biologists and related scientists

87. 2122 Forestry professionals

88. 2123 Agricultural representatives, consultants and specialists

89. 2131 Civil engineers

90. 2132 Mechanical engineers

91. 2133 Electrical and electronics engineers

92. 2134 Chemical engineers

93. 2141 Industrial and manufacturing engineers

94. 2142 Metallurgical and materials engineers

95. 2143 Mining engineers

96. 2144 Geological engineers

97. 2145 Petroleum engineers

98. 2146 Aerospace engineers

99. 2147 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)

100.2148 Other professional engineers, n.e.c.

101.2151 Architects

102.2152 Landscape architects

103.2153 Urban and land use planners

104.2154 Land surveyors

105.2161 Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries

106.2171 Information systems analysts and consultants

107. 2172 Database analysts and data administrators

108. 2173 Software engineers and designers

109. 2174 Computer programmers and interactive media developers

110. 2175 Web designers and developers

111. 2211 Chemical technologists and technicians

112. 2212 Geological and mineral technologists and technicians

113. 2221 Biological technologists and technicians

114. 2222 Agricultural and fish products inspectors

115. 2223 Forestry technologists and technicians

116. 2224 Conservation and fishery officers

117. 2225 Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists

118. 2231 Civil engineering technologists and technicians

119. 2232 Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians

120. 2233 Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians

121. 2234 Construction estimators

122. 2241 Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians

123. 2242 Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)

124. 2243 Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics

125. 2244 Aircraft instrument, electrical and avionics mechanics, technicians and inspectors

126. 2251 Architectural technologists and technicians

127. 2252 Industrial designers

128. 2253 Drafting technologists and technicians

129. 2254 Land survey technologists and technicians

130. 2255 Technical occupations in geomatics and meteorology

131. 2261 Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians

132. 2262 Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers

133. 2263 Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety

134. 2264 Construction inspectors

135. 2271 Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors

136. 2272 Air traffic controllers and related occupations

137. 2273 Deck officers, water transport

138. 2274 Engineer officers, water transport

139. 2275 Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators

140. 2281 Computer network technicians

141. 2282 User support technicians

142. 2283 Information systems testing technicians

143. 3011 Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors

144. 3012 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses

145. 3111 Specialist physicians

146. 3112 General practitioners and family physicians

147. 3113 Dentists

148. 3114 Veterinarians

149. 3121 Optometrists

150. 3122 Chiropractors

151. 3124 Allied primary health practitioners

152. 3125 Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating

153. 3131 Pharmacists

154. 3132 Dietitians and nutritionists

155. 3141 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists

156. 3142 Physiotherapists

157. 3143 Occupational therapists

158. 3144 Other professional occupations in therapy and assessment

159. 3211 Medical laboratory technologists

160. 3212 Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists' assistants

161. 3213 Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians

162. 3214 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists

163. 3215 Medical radiation technologists

164. 3216 Medical sonographers

165. 3217 Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.

166. 3219 Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)

167. 3221 Denturists

168. 3222 Dental hygienists and dental therapists

169. 3223 Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants

170. 3231 Opticians

171. 3232 Practitioners of natural healing

172. 3233 Licensed practical nurses

173. 3234 Paramedical occupations

174. 3236 Massage therapists

175. 3237 Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment

176. 4011 University professors and lecturers

177. 4012 Post-secondary teaching and research assistants

178. 4021 College and other vocational instructors

179. 4031 Secondary school teachers

180. 4032 Elementary school and kindergarten teachers

181. 4033 Educational counsellors

182. 4111 Judges

183. 4112 Lawyers and Quebec notaries

184. 4151 Psychologists

185. 4152 Social workers

186. 4153 Family, marriage and other related counsellors

187. 4154 Professional occupations in religion

188. 4155 Probation and parole officers and related occupations

189. 4156 Employment counsellors

190. 4161 Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers

191. 4162 Economists and economic policy researchers and analysts

192. 4163 Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants

193. 4164 Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers

194. 4165 Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers

195. 4166 Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers

196. 4167 Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers

197. 4168 Program officers unique to government

198. 4169 Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c.

199. 4211 Paralegal and related occupations

200. 4212 Social and community service workers

201. 4214 Early childhood educators and assistants

202. 4215 Instructors of persons with disabilities

203. 4216 Other instructors

204. 4217 Other religious occupations

205. 4311 Police officers (except commissioned)

206. 4312 Firefighters

207. 4313 Non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Forces

208. 5111 Librarians

209. 5112 Conservators and curators

210. 5113 Archivists

211. 5121 Authors and writers

212. 5122 Editors

213. 5123 Journalists

214. 5125 Translators, terminologists and interpreters

215. 5131 Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations

216. 5132 Conductors, composers and arrangers

217. 5133 Musicians and singers

218. 5134 Dancers

219. 5135 Actors and comedians

220. 5136 Painters, sculptors and other visual artists

221. 5211 Library and public archive technicians

222. 5212 Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries

223. 5221 Photographers

224. 5222 Film and video camera operators

225. 5223 Graphic arts technicians

226. 5224 Broadcast technicians

227. 5225 Audio and video recording technicians

228. 5226 Other technical and co-ordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts

229. 5227 Support occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and the performing arts

230. 5231 Announcers and other broadcasters

231. 5232 Other performers, n.e.c.

232. 5241 Graphic designers and illustrators

233. 5242 Interior designers and interior decorators

234. 5243 Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers

235. 5244 Artisans and craftspersons

236. 5245 Patternmakers - textile, leather and fur products

237. 5251 Athletes

238. 5252 Coaches

239. 5253 Sports officials and referees

240. 5254 Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness

241. 6211 Retail sales supervisors

242. 6221 Technical sales specialists - wholesale trade

243. 6222 Retail and wholesale buyers

244. 6231 Insurance agents and brokers

245. 6232 Real estate agents and salespersons

246. 6235 Financial sales representatives

247. 6311 Food service supervisors

248. 6312 Executive housekeepers

249. 6313 Accommodation, travel, tourism and related services supervisors

250. 6314 Customer and information services supervisors

251. 6315 Cleaning supervisors

252. 6316 Other services supervisors

253. 6321 Chefs

254. 6322 Cooks

255. 6331 Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers - retail and wholesale

256. 6332 Bakers

257. 6341 Hairstylists and barbers

258. 6342 Tailors, dressmakers, furriers and milliners

259. 6343 Shoe repairers and shoemakers

260. 6344 Jewellers, jewellery and watch repairers and related occupations

261. 6345 Upholsterers

262. 6346 Funeral directors and embalmers

263. 7201 Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations

264. 7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations

265. 7203 Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades

266. 7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades

267. 7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers

268. 7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors

269. 7232 Tool and die makers

270. 7233 Sheet metal workers

271. 7234 Boilermakers

272. 7235 Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters

273. 7236 Ironworkers

274. 7237 Welders and related machine operators

275. 7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)

276. 7242 Industrial electricians

277. 7243 Power system electricians

278. 7244 Electrical power line and cable workers

279. 7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers

280. 7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers

281. 7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians

282. 7251 Plumbers

283. 7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers

284. 7253 Gas fitters

285. 7271 Carpenters

286. 7272 Cabinetmakers

287. 7281 Bricklayers

288. 7282 Concrete finishers

289. 7283 Tile setters

290. 7284 Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers

291. 7291 Roofers and shinglers

292. 7292 Glaziers

293. 7293 Insulators

294. 7294 Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)

295. 7295 Floor covering installers

296. 7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades

297. 7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews

298. 7303 Supervisors, printing and related occupations

299. 7304 Supervisors, railway transport operations

300. 7305 Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators

301. 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics

302. 7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics

303. 7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics

304. 7314 Railway Carmen/women

305. 7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors

306. 7316 Machine fitters

307. 7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics

308. 7321 Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers

309. 7322 Motor vehicle body repairers

310. 7331 Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics

311. 7332 Appliance servicers and repairers

312. 7333 Electrical mechanics

313. 7334 Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics

314. 7335 Other small engine and small equipment repairers

315. 7361 Railway and yard locomotive engineers

316. 7362 Railway conductors and brakemen/women

317. 7371 Crane operators

318. 7372 Drillers and blasters - surface mining, quarrying and construction

319. 7373 Water well drillers

320. 7381 Printing press operators

321. 7384 Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.

322. 8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry

323. 8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying

324. 8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling and services

325. 8231 Underground production and development miners

326. 8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers

327. 8241 Logging machinery operators

328. 8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and                     horticulture services

329. 8261 Fishing masters and officers

330. 8262 Fishermen/women

331. 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing

332. 9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities

333. 9213 Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing

334. 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing

335. 9215 Supervisors, forest products processing

336. 9217 Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing

337. 9221 Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling

338. 9222 Supervisors, electronics manufacturing

339. 9223 Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing

340. 9224 Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing

341. 9226 Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing

342. 9227 Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly

343. 9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing

344. 9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators

345. 9235 Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators

346. 9241 Power engineers and power systems operators

347. 9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators